Have you ever thought about what your dreams mean ? Is it just meaningless events , a strange meaningless mixture of yesterday’s events and a lot of imagination ?
In Sigmund Freud’s book The Interpretation of Dreams in 1900 , also one of his major works , it could probably be that dreams seen as strange , but they are not meaningless . Let’s start by looking at some of the most famous results of Freud’s work on dreams :
1 ) Dreams are the royal road to the unconscious
2 ) dreams are wish fulfillment
3 ) Dreams often have nothing to do with childhood
Freud believed in principle that man is ruled by instincts , which are not always aware of . We are not masters in their own house, or in other words : We can have desires that we ourselves are not aware of – and sometimes we carry out actions from motives that we do not even know about. Wishes is part of the unconscious in man. One of the things that preoccupied Freud in most of the period from 1880 to his death in 1939 , was how to find your way to the unconscious. And here he worked among others with dreams ( Freud also found in the unconscious elsewhere , for example in our incorrect actions (how often forget we do not show that we do not bother ) and the humor ) . The dreams were for the Austrian doctor an important source of the unconscious, and could not take into what lies beneath the surface , so the patient could get relief for his neuroses .
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The point about wish fulfillment is probably already enshrined in our language? For example, when we say ” She dreams of becoming an actor.” But all dreams really wish fulfillment ? Do we want what is happening in the dream to happen in reality ? Freud answered “yes” to the first . But what about the other? It depends on what dream we are talking about. If you dream that you ‘re looking for fresh drinking water , toilet facilities or get a day off , it is an expression of wish fulfillment on a specific plan . But what about dreams where someone dies or gets sick ? Through his practice registered Freud, that some of his patients had a dream in which a brother or sister died . Did they want when it ? No, said Freud, but the dream can still express a form of wish fulfillment ; it might be about the patients in their early years have had a hard time accepting new members in the family. The stork has come with the new baby , she gets to know. Can it not fly away with it again? That kind of thinking the child may well have been , he argues in the book.
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Through his research discovered Freud that often could be found elements from childhood dreams , such as in dreams, the patient had repeatedly since childhood. One of the book’s case studies is about a man who decides to visit the city where he lived during the early years of his life . The night before the visit to the city he dreams that he is on a site that he does not believe they have seen before, and he meets someone , Mr T , who appears to him unknown . When awake, he recalls the name Mr T from his childhood, but can not remember how this looks. When he a few days after visiting the city , he finds the location and character of the dream. It is Freud’s example that dreams sometimes gives glare from childhood forgotten world.
How do we analyze them so ?
First, Freud advised us to divide the dream into smaller components that nothing of trying to understand it all at once. Then you have to find your way to ” dream ulterior motives ” (page 92) by recalling parts of the dream and notice the thoughts that arise. The unknown face in the dream must be borne in mind in the waking state and allow the mind float freely . This is the idea that the dream has a meaning which we can clearly recall and possible . write down , it is called the manifest dream content , while a hidden content that you analyze through to ( latent ) . A brief explanation of the dreams have this duality says that the dream will tell us something that we at the same time trying to conceal ourselves. Some have called the last part of the process of censorship . But where censorship in general is about to remove something , eg all the dirty words in a movie , then the dream closer tend to distort the content. And here we also arrive at an explanation of why dreams are so weird . They occur in the middle of two opposing forces that destroy the dream intelligibility. At the same time the dream is also influenced by many other factors such as the external environment , as we sleep in as well as body condition. A dream of noisy church bells , eg owing the alarm clock ringing , or dream of moving around desperately to find a toilet because the urge to urinate .
Freud analyzed forward by asking the patient to talk about the dream. By a detail could Freud asking questions like ” What thoughts do you have about this ? ” . It is intended that the patient must make immediate whim, associations that can be interpreted by the person who sits next to the couch . The method can be difficult because often there will be resistance to dream essence . For what the dream hides , as already hinted often something that we might not want to get into the minds .
When you have run the whole dream through using this method, the pieces together for an interpretation of the dream. Freud’s analysis ( as they appear in the book ) is really very simple , and does not use complicated terminology. They are trying to connect each element of the dream with something that makes more sense . For example, in the dream occur vrøvleord that do not immediately make sense , but the association method , for example , they may prove to be reformulations of ordinary words that have a meaning in the dreamer ‘s life. With the free associations , the patient may think of a particular person . But one never will , because in the dream strange universe confused things in mysterious mazes with condensations and displacements.
In volume two provides the reader with a more detailed review of the ” dream job ” , all the mysterious processes that take place when we dream . It is useful to gain an understanding of the whole thing and then have yet to acknowledge that ” we basically never is sure to have deciphered a dream complete”. Yes , maybe our own interpretations be trying to tune it out , as the dream really means us. And when you sometimes have the feeling that the dream really is quite simple, it is perhaps an expression of the same.
What Freud dreamed though ?
The book provides many thought-provoking examples of Freud’s own dreams . Yes, I suppose you could almost consider certain parts of it as a kind of psychological biography satisfaction because many intimate details of Freud’s own psyche .
Dissection of own feet
One night dream Freud , that he started to dissect himself, pelvic and leg , a task that he has been given a certain dr . Brücke . The innards are viewed from different angles – and as a reader is led reminiscent of Gothic scenarios , but according to the dreamer , there is no sense of Grauen at this time. That kind of gives rise to expressions such as ” totally absurd dream .” But throughout the book , it is clear that everything has a purpose , even the absurd. Simply open mind for associations – and that makes Freud. The dissection is an expression of Freud’s experience to spell out as many of the self- analysis personal details. And dr . Brücke was erindredes it , a doctor, as in psychoanalysis early days encouraged the young and cautious Freud to publish some research that would otherwise remain hidden . In time , he learns to publish intimate with themselves and others – without horror ! By reading you will understand very well why the publication of The Interpretation of Dreams was postponed for more than a year.